Facing the economic reality of your transition is number one. While this may not be the primary motivating factor in your transition, it is often the area that requires immediate attention and action.
A net worth statement is simply a listing of assets you own and money you owe. You will need to create a net worth statement in order to determine what you have available to fund your career transition.
Most of us have applied for a bank loan or a credit card. What we want to do now is recreate the section of the application that looks at your net worth. It might be a good idea to get the last credit application you completed (if you did it recently), since it may have much of the information we will be discussing.
Calculating your net worth is relatively easy and should not take you more than an hour or two. Here's the calculation, plain and simple:
ASSETS − LIABILITIES = NET WORTH
An asset is something you own, such as a mutual fund, your 401(k)-plan balance, your home or your car. A liability is a loan or something you owe, such as a mortgage or the unpaid balance on your credit card. . When you complete the net "Net Worth" worksheet, you separately total your assets and liabilities. By simply subtracting your liabilities from your assets, you have your net worth.
You then need to analyze your net worth to determine what implications it has for your career transition.
What Assets Do You Have?
Spend a few minutes gathering the following information:
What Are Your Assets Worth?
Fair market value is the cash equivalent of the asset's value—what a willing buyer would pay a willing seller. List all your assets at fair market value. You can obtain most of your asset values from your statements. If you need to, you can find the value of your stocks and mutual funds in your local newspaper's business section.
What do you do about assets like real estate, personal property (jewelry, furnishings, etc.) or vehicles? You need to estimate their fair market value. Simply put, fair market value is what a buyer would pay for the asset.
For what price could you sell your home? What could you get for your gold watch? All these are subjective amounts because you are not selling these assets now, so estimate the best you can. If you need assistance, you can seek independent sources like professional appraisers for real estate and jewelry. Local real estate brokers may be able to help you assess the value of your home. You can also go to town hall and find out the cost of comparable homes recently sold in your area. Refer to the N.A.D.A. Official Used Car Guide (www.nada.com), the Kelley Blue Book (www.kbb.com) or Edmunds.com to estimate the value of your car.
Furniture, clothing, old worn-out cars, and other personal property usually are not worth much, so be conservative in your estimates.
How Much Money Do You Owe?
Your liabilities include all your outstanding debt. Spend a few minutes gathering the following information. If you do not have a current statement, you can usually make a quick phone call to get the information you need.
Completing this part of the net worth process is usually not as much fun as completing the asset part, but it is just as important.
Current Outstanding Balance
Put the current outstanding balance of each loan on your net worth statement. This is the amount of the loan that remains unpaid, not the amount you originally borrowed.
For example, you borrowed $100,000 to buy your home, and you have been making mortgage payments to date. Your mortgage balance is now $96,000. That's the amount you should put in the liability section of your net worth.
IMPORTANT NOTE: When reviewing your outstanding debt, be on the lookout for any lump-sum payments that may be due in the near future. Refinancing obligations such as balloon mortgages may be difficult if you are unemployed. Do not ignore these debts. Develop a plan of action to deal with them in a timely fashion. If you believe you're going to have a problem, contact your creditors before they contact you.
Prepare Your Personal Net Worth Worksheet
The following are the instructions for the easy-to-use "Net Worth" worksheet. Print out the worksheet (of course, you may use whatever format you like, as long as it is easy to read and understand). Make sure you put the current date at the top of your net worth statement.
Net Worth Statement Instructions
ASSETS (What You Own)
Cash and cash alternatives
Checking accounts, savings accounts, CDs, money market funds, etc. at fair market value.
Individual stocks and stock mutual funds
Total dollar amount at fair market value.
Individual bonds and bond mutual funds
401(k)/403(b)/Section 457 plans
The total balance in your account(s).
IRA or IRA/SEP
Employee stock options
Include the total difference between the stock's market value and the exercise price for all vested stock options.
Other retirement plan accounts
The total balance in your account(s). Thrift plans, profit sharing plans, defined contribution plans, etc.*
Your house, valued at what you could sell it for today (fair market value).
Other real estate
Rental properties, vacation home, etc., at fair market value.
Cash value insurance
Total cash value of all policies.
Furniture, jewelry, furs, silver, antiques, collectibles. Not what you paid, but what you could sell it for today (fair market value)
Cars, trucks, boats, etc. What they are worth today. Do NOT include leased vehicles, only what you've bought.
Your business(es), valued at what you could sell it (them) for today (fair market value).
Other assets: _____________________
Anything else you own.
Add up all the above assets.
* For deferred compensation plans, include the amount you will be entitled to if you terminate employment.
LIABILITIES (What You Owe)
Primary residence: Mortgage loan
The current mortgage balance on your primary residence.
Primary residence: Other loans
The amount left on all other loans you have taken out against your primary residence (home-equity, second mortgage, etc.).
Other real estate loans
The amount left on all other loans you have taken out against other real estate (rental property, vacation home, etc.).
Total vehicle loan balances
The amount left on your car, truck, boat loans, etc.
Total credit card balances
Include only the balances you have not paid off.
Total installment loan balances
Total retirement plan loan balances
Any taxes due.
Other liabilities: _____________________
Everything else you owe.
Add up all the above liabilities.
Assets less liabilities. This gives you your net worth.
Use the "Net Worth" worksheet for your own calculation.
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